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Department
Physiology

About Department

  • GOAL :the broad goal of the teaching of undergraduate students in physiology aims at providing the student comprehensive knowledge of normal functions of body and to facilitate the understanding of physiological basis of health and disease.
  • OBJECTIVES : To acquire knowledge and develop skills as under
    • A)Knowledge
      • 1. Understand the functions of all organ system and their interactions.
      • 2. Assess relative contribution of each organ system in maintenance of milieu interior
      • 3. Describe physiological response and adaptation to environmental stress.
      • 4. List the physiological principles underlying pathogenesis and treatment of diseases.

    • b)skill
      • 1. Conduct experiments/Investigations designed for study of physiological phenomenon
      • 2. To interpret expt/ Investigations data
      • 3. Distinguish between normal and abnormal data derived as result of test done in lab.

    • c)INTEGRATION: horizontal and vertical integration with different subjects
      Acquire an integrated knowledge of organ, structure, function, and its Regulatory mechanism and apply the knowledge in understanding of disease and its treatment.

  • CURRICULUM:
    • Theory

    • General :
      • 1. Cell physiology
      • 2. Homeostasis
      • 3. Transport across cell membrane
      • 4. Biophysics-general principles
      • 5. Body fluid compartment
      • 6. Related topics & applied physiology
      • TOTAL : 5-8 lectures

    • Hematology :
      • 1. Composition properties and functions of blood
      • 2. R.B.C.s their formation & functions
      • 3. Hemoglobin
      • 4. Anemias and blood indices
      • 5. Leukocytes - formation and functions
      • 6. Thrombocytes and hemostasis, Blood Coagulation
      • 7. Plasma proteins & E.S.R
      • 8. Lymph and R.E. System
      • 9. Blood groups
      • 10. Immunity
      • 11. Blood Volume
      • 12. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 20-25 Lectures

    • Nerve & Muscle Physiology :
      • 1. Membrane potential & action potential
      • 2. Structure & classification of nerve fibers
      • 3. Properties of nerve cells and their fibers (including Degeneration & Regeneration)
      • 4. Neuromuscular transmission
      • 5. Structure, functions and properties of muscles
      • 6. Mechanism of contraction of difference types of muscles
      • 7. Physiological changes during muscle contractions
      • 8. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 15-20 Lectures

    • Gastrointestinal tract :
      • 1. Anatomical physiology
      • 2. Secretion & their control-Salivary, Gastric, Pancreatic, Intestinal
      • 3. Bile including liver function tests & Jaundice
      • 4. Digestion
      • 5. Absorption
      • 6. Movements of Gastrointestinal tract
      • 7. Hormones of GIT
      • 8. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 15-20 Lectures

    • Respiration System :
      • 1. Physiological anatomy of respiratory tract
      • 2. Mechanics of respiration (including pressure & volume changes)
      • 3. Lung volume, capacities and lung function tests
      • 4. Composition of respiratory gases
      • 5. Transport of Oxygen in Blood
      • 6. Transport of Carbon dioxide in Blood
      • 7. Regulations of respiration
      • 8. Hypoxia, Asphyxia
      • 9. Cyanosis and periodic breathing
      • 10. Dysbarism and acclimatization to high altitude
      • 11. Exercise and space Physiology
      • 12. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 15-20 Lectures

    • Cardiovascular System :
      • 1. Functional anatomy of heart
      • 2. Origin and spread of cardiac impulse
      • 3. Cardiac cycle (with heart sounds and pressure changes)
      • 4. Electrocardiogram
      • 5. Heart rate
      • 6. Cardiac output & venous return
      • 7. Arterial blood pressure
      • 8. Arterial and venous pulse
      • 9. Circulation –Capillary, coronary, pulmonary and sytemic circulation
      • 10. Hemorrhage, Hypovolemic shock
      • 11. Cardiovascular change during exercise and cardiac efficiency tests
      • 12. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 20-25 Lectures

    • Excretory System :
      • 1. Physiological anatomy of Kidney
      • 2. Renal Circulation
      • 3. Glomerular filtration rate
      • 4. Functions of renal tubules
      • 5. Reabsorpotion of physiologically important substances
      • 6. Counter current mechanism
      • 7. Hormogenesis- renin erythropoietin
      • 8. Role of kidney in acid-base balance in body
      • 9. Micturition
      • 10. Renal function tests
      • 11. Functions of skin
      • 12. Regulations of body temperature
      • 13. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 10-15 Lectures

    • Central Nervous System& ANS :
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Synapse and synaptic transmission
      • 3. Automatic nervous system (including Adrenal medulla)
      • 4. Sensory system- receptor & their properties, sensations
      • 5. Spinal Cord : Tracts and lesions
      • 6. Reflexes
      • 7. Motor organization
      • 8. Brain stem (including vestibular apparatus)
      • 9. Basal Ganglia
      • 10. Cerebellum
      • 11. Tone, posture and equilibrium
      • 12. Motor control mechanism
      • 13. Thalamus
      • 14. Hypothalamus
      • 15. Limbic cortex
      • 16. Cerebral cortex
      • 17. Higher functions-Speech, Learning and memory
      • 18. Electroencephalogram and sleep
      • 19. Cranial Nerves
      • 20. Pain
      • 21. CSF
      • 22. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 35-40 Lectures

    • Special Senses :
      • 1. Structure of eye
      • 2. Refractory medias of eye heir errors and corrections
      • 3. Retina : Structure, photochemistry
      • 4. Visual pathways and its lesions
      • 5. Visual activity and binocular vision
      • 6. Accommodation and adaptations to darkness
      • 7. Color Vision
      • 8. Visual perceptions : Central mechanism
      • 9. Physiological movements of eye
      • 10. Functional anatomy of ear
      • 11. Structure and functions of middle ear
      • 12. Organs of Corti and mechanism of hearing
      • 13. Endocochlear potentials and auditory pathways
      • 14. Deafness and tests of hearing
      • 15. Taste and smell
      • Total : 15-20 Lectures

    • Endocrinology and Reproductive Physiology :
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Hypothalamohypophyseal axis
      • 3. Hypothalamohypophyseal axis
      • 4. Anterior pituitary gland (including growth and development)
      • 5. Posterior pituitary gland
      • 6. Thyroid gland
      • 7. Hormonal control of blood calcium level
      • 8. Endocrine pancreas
      • 9. Andrenal gland
      • 10. Hormones of heart, kidney and thymus
      • 11. Introduction to reproductive physiology
      • 12. Male reproductive system : structure, functions
      • 13. Female reproductive system : structure, functions & reproductive cycles
      • 14. Fertilizations, placenta, pregnancy and pregnancy tests
      • 15. Parturition and lactation
      • 16. Physiological basis of family planning
      • 17. Related topics & applied physiology
      • Total : 15-20 Lectures

  • BIOPHYSICS :-
    1. Principles of biophysics and its applied aspects
    2. Biopotentials and its applied aspects
    3. Transport across cell membrane
    4. related applied topics
    5. Total: 3-4 Lectures

  • ENVIRONMENTAL, REGULATORY & EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY:-
    1. Physiology of high altitude, acclimatization & effect of high atmospheric pressure
    2. Aviation & space physiology
    3. Body temperature regulation, Hypo & Hyperthermia
    4. Physiology of exercise & yoga
    5. Total :3-4 Lectures

  • PRACTICALS
      General Practical:
      • 1. Study of appliances - Experimental instruments
      • 2. Study of appliances - Hematology and clinical instruments
      • 3. Study of appliances - Compound microscope

      Hematology Practical:
      • 1. Estimation of haemoglobin
      • 2. Total white cell count
      • 3. Total red cell count
      • 4. Cells in peripheral blood film
      • 5. Differential WBC count
      • 6. Absolute count, Arneth count
      • 7. Packed cell volume & Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
      • 8. Blood indices and related calculation
      • 9. Blood grouping
      • 10. Coagulation - B.T.& C.T.
      • 11. Effect of tonicity of saline, fragility :
      • 12. MCD, price jone’s curve :
      • 13. Haemin crystals, reticulocyte count
      Clinical Physiology Practical:
      • 1. Radial pulse, Sphygmography
      • 2. Arterial blood pressure
      • 3. Cardiac efficiency tests
      • 4. Clinical examination in general
      • 5. Clinical examination of Cardiovascular system
      • 6. Clinical examination of Respiratory system
      • 7. Artificial respiration and Cardio pulmonary resuscitation
      • 8. Spirometry
      • 9. Respiratory efficiency tests
      • 10. Stethography
      • 11. Examinations of sensory functions
      • 12. Examinations of motor functions
      • 13. Examinations of reflexes
      • 14. Examinations of cranial nerves – I,III,IV,V,VI
      • 15. Examinations of cranial nerves – II
      • 16. Examinations of cranial nerves – VII,VIII, IX.X.XI,XII
      • 17. CNS higher functions
      • 18. Clinical examinations of abdomen
      • 19. Thermometry
      • 20. Ergography
      • 21. Endocrine disorder photographs
      • 22. O2 and CO2 dissociation curve
      • 23. ECG
      • 24. EEG- EMG
      • 25. Contraceptives, menstrual cycle and BBT
      • 26. GTT- GFT
      • 27. Excretory system –Cystometrogram, Renal function tests
      Amphibian practical
      • 1. Gastrocnemius muscle, sciatic nerve preparation
      • 2. Simple muscle curve,
      • 3. Effect of temperature on SMC
      • 4. Effect of load on SMC
      • 5. Effect of two successive stimuli
      • 6. Genesis of tetanus
      • 7. Phenomenon of Fatigue
      • 8. Velocity of nerve impulse
      • 9. Perfusion of amphibian heart
      • 10. Frog’s heart beat & Effect of temperature on frog’s heart
      • 11. Properties of cardiac muscle
      • 12. Effect of vagus, crescent stimulation and vagal escape.
      • 13. Effect of drugs & ions on frog’s heart
      • 14. Perfusion of isolated amphibian heart
      • 15. Perfusion of isolated amphibian heart
      • 16. Quantal summation & Strength duration curve
      Mammalian practicals
      • 1. Recording of heart beat and respiration
      • 2. Perfusion of guinea pig ileum
      • 3. Perfusion of guinea pig jejunum
      • 4. Recording of blood pressure and respiration of dog
      • 5. Effect of drugs on blood pressure of dog